Restoration Advisory Board (RAB)
Meeting Minutes

Minutes of the Fort Detrick
Restoration Advisory Board Meeting
August 15, 2000

  1. Index of Minutes
    Items addressed at the meeting are listed below, with corresponding section numbers indicated in the column on the right.

    Subject/Topic Paragraph Number
    Index of Minutes 1
    Meeting Opening 2
    Attendance 3
    Opening Remarks and Introductions 4
    RAB Members Report on Partnership Meeting 5
    Restoration and RAB Website Status Update 6
    DNAPL Technology and Experience at Letterkenny Army Depot 7
    RAB Membership Diversity 8
    Area B Removal Action Update 9
    Community Involvement Plan 10
    Area B Sampling Program Update 11
    Meeting Summary 12
    Date and Agenda Items for the Next Meeting 13
    Meeting Closing 14

  2. Meeting Opening
    The meeting was convened at 7:33 p.m., Tuesday, August 15, 2000, in Conference Room Three of the Goodloe E. Byron Building (810), Fort Detrick, Maryland.

  3. Attendance:

    Members Present:
    Lt Col Jeffery Springer, P.E., Chief, Safety, Environment and Integrated Planning, Fort Detrick (Installation Co-Chair)
    Mr. Larry Bohn, Frederick County Health Department
    Mr. Thomas Meyer, Project Manager, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District
    Ms. Helen Miller-Scott, Community Member
    Ms. Linda Robinson, Community Member
    Mr. Douglas Scarborough, U.S. Army Environmental Center
    Mr. Stewart Taylor, Ph.D., P.E., Community Member
    Mr. Craig Toussaint, Ph.D., Community Member
    Mr. Thomas Wade, Community Member
    Mr. Douglas Warnock, Installation Restoration Manager, Fort Detrick

    Others Present:
    Ms. Helen Alexander, Local Resident
    Mr. Fred Boecher, U.S. Army Environmental Center
    Ms. Tara Buck, Frederick News-Post
    Mr. Chuck Dasey, Public Affairs Officer, Fort Detrick
    Mr. John Fairbank, Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE)
    Mr. David Iseri, IT Corporation
    Mr. Gary Poley, Local Resident
    Mr. Earl Robbins, Frederick Chamber of Commerce
    Ms. Eva Rosvold, Western Maryland Representative, Office of Senator Barbara Mikulski
    Mr. John Sinsel, Universe Technologies, Inc.
    Mr. Rob Wynne, Summer Intern for Fort Detrick, Website Design

    Members Absent:
    Col James Greenwood, Commander, U.S. Army Garrison, Fort Detrick
    Mr. Charles Billups, Ph.D., Community Member
    Mr. William Effland, Ph.D., Community Member
    Mr. Michael Gresalfi, Community Member
    Mr. Paul Offutt, Frederick County Health Department
    Mr. Dennis Orenshaw, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region III
    Mr. Jay Rhoderick, Community Member
    Mr. Gerald P. Toomey, Community Co-Chair

  4. Opening Remarks and Introductions
    Lt Col Springer extended apologies from Col Greenwood and Mr. Orenshaw, who were unable to attend tonight's meeting. Lt Col Springer welcomed everyone and asked that each person introduce himself or herself for the benefit of everyone present.

  5. RAB Members Report on Partnership Meeting
    Ms. Robinson stated that the most important part of these meetings is the process of partnering and communication between agencies, not the technical details. Ms. Robinson explained that costly methods of submitting and approving reports had been used in the past, but that objectives are currently being met in a more timely manner and that this type of meeting could have good results. Ms. Robinson expressed her belief that the momentum with partnering is at a much faster pace than without partnering. One example of the increased speed of the approval process was the decision to put together a Statement of Work. Ms. Robinson expressed her appreciation for this effort. Prior to the partnership meeting, the ground rules for the meeting were posted for all participants to obey. Ms. Robinson stated that those present for the meeting include representatives of Fort Detrick, Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army Medical Command (MEDCOM), U.S. Army Environmental Center (AEC), IT Group, U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine (USACHPPM); as well as a meeting recorder and a facilitator. She added that others could be brought in for specialized expertise. Mr. Toussaint questioned whether the City or County had been invited. Mr. Fairbank replied that typically the City and County are not involved in such meetings. Mr. Toussaint then asked whether the City and County should be asked to take part in the partnering meeting. Lt Col Springer responded that he could put the invitation out to them, but the consensus was that Fort Detrick has informed the City and County through briefings and that it probably isn't necessary to have those groups attend the meetings. Mr. Fairbank then stated that the EPA has been involved at the partnering meetings because any site that has hazardous waste on it must be put on the docket for the meeting.

  6. Restoration and RAB Website Status Update
    Mr. Warnock explained that the RAB website had been upgraded to a review mode on Fort Detrick's internal server and that a small demonstration would be given on what information was present. Mr. Warnock then reviewed recommendations made by RAB members at the previous RAB meeting. Mr. Warnock noted that information currently on the website included:

    • hotos of RAB members
    • Statement of purpose
    • RAB responsibilities
    • RAB charter
    • Press releases (1996 to present)
    • RAB member names and e-mail links
    • List of documents located in the repositories
    • Public meeting materials presented on June 1
    • Maps and an e-mail link to Fort Detrick
    • Frequently asked questions and answers
    • RAB meeting minutes
    • The Cutting Edge (history of Fort Detrick)
    • Partnering information and links to agencies involved in the project and to State and Federal regulation sites

    Lt Col Springer stated that he had received a phone call from someone wanting to bid on work at Fort Detrick due to an article published in the Frederick News-Post and again in a trade magazine. Mr. Toussaint asked whether pictures of the restoration process, as it progresses, will be put on the website, and Mr. Warnock answered that they would be included. Mr. Warnock also stated that we are reaching out to the community much better and that the website could possibly be available for worldwide viewing within three to four weeks if the necessary approvals are received. Mr. Warnock emphasized that comments are still welcome. The RAB members stated that they were duly impressed by the updated website.

  7. DNAPL Technology and Experience at Letterkenny Army Depot
    Mr. Iseri provided a presentation on in-situ chemical oxidation. Mr. Iseri explained that this process should take care of the long-term problem horizontally and vertically. Next, treatment technology options were discussed and it was found that potassium permanganate and hydrogen peroxide performed in-situ would have the greatest potential to succeed. The hydrogen peroxide process is very reactive and very exothermic while the potassium permanganate process reacts slower and could possibly be used to remediate a larger area. Mr. Iseri explained that the pilot study using hydrogen peroxide at Letterkenny Army Depot in Chambersburg, PA, was used for comparison due to the fact that Fort Detrick has very similar geological characteristics. The pilot test consisted of injecting hydrogen peroxide upstream of the contamination, using both fixed and moveable injectors, into the water-producing zones and monitoring the various physical and chemical characteristics before and after injection. Mr. Fairbank asked whether the temperature increased in the formation during the test, and Mr. Iseri stated that it did. Mr. Iseri then explained that the hydrogen peroxide did not react to completion, but this was expected. The results of the study indicated that:

    • The chemical oxidants were effectively delivered
    • The destruction ratio was assessed to be 7:1 during initial stages of injection
    • A reduction of volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations was maintained along the upgradient edge of the plume
    • The organic compounds were mobilized
    • The limestone was not significantly degraded

    Mr. Iseri subsequently stated that, for Fort Detrick, a bench-scale test would be performed this fall on the geology with the off-gases being captured. A field assessment will be performed in the summer after the dye trace study. Mr. Taylor asked whether both the hydrogen peroxide and the potassium permanganate tests would be utilized at the same time. Mr. Iseri stated that the tests are performed in two separate laboratories and that sodium permanganate would probably be used instead of potassium permanganate. Mr. Fairbank then inquired about mixing with brine as opposed to water for the tests and stated that there might be a solubility issue. Mr. Poley then asked whether there would be half-reaction products, and Mr. Iseri replied that everything goes to completion quickly and that half-reaction products should not be created. The only potential problem would be if the VOCs were mixed with metals such as arsenic or chromium. Mr. Taylor asked whether the report could be made available to the RAB members, and Mr. Meyer responded that it is a public document and that he would obtain it for the members.

  8. RAB Membership Diversity
    Lt Col Springer reported that, as of the last RAB meeting, the RAB membership was not very diverse and did not include a member of an ethnic minority or a business owner. Lt Col Springer then referred the members to page 9 of the Restoration Advisory Board Guidance where diversity amongst the group is mentioned. Lt Col Springer then opened the floor for discussion among the members. Ms. Robinson agreed with the need to expand to other groups, such as educators in the area, and get new perspectives. Mr. Toussaint added that, in the document, it states that the Commander should identify the diversified community interests. He inquired whether this had been done and whether the current RAB meets the diverse interests. Mr. Toussaint also stated that the gaps need to be identified. Lt Col Springer subsequently stated that he invited the Chamber of Commerce to the meeting tonight to get their perspective on the diversity issue. Lt Col Springer also stated that this could be an agenda item for the next partnering meeting and that he does not know whether the guidance was followed originally or whether more than one demographic was covered. Mr. Wade then stated that he has an interest in diversity but that, if all the groups are included, there may not be a very cohesive unit, although the RAB has solicited for diversity before. Mr. Robbins stated that maybe the group should go back to the groups they have solicited before to see what their response would be now. Mr. Fairbank mentioned the AARP as a group, even on a rotating basis, and that maybe due to the remediation actions that will occur, more people will be interested. Lt Col Springer added that the Cloverhill Homeowners' Group asked to be briefed about the happenings at Fort Detrick.

    Lt Col Springer suggested that postcards could be sent out (in a manner similar to the announcement of the public meeting) to people who attended the public meeting. In addition, a column could be run in the newspapers to invite interested parties to join and to emphasize that the RAB is looking for increased membership in the community. Ms. Alexander suggested that a postcard about the meetings be sent to the people whose wells are contaminated. Lt Col Springer added the homeowners' groups to the list for distribution of postcards.

  9. Area B Removal Action Update
    Mr. Meyer provided an update on the contracts with the Corps of Engineers concerning remediation of Area B. Mr. Meyer stated that they would award task order contracts for the work to be performed with the emphasis on using local, small businesses. Lt Col Springer attributed the speed of obligating funds and planning milestones to the success of the partnership effort.

  10. Community Involvement Plan
    Mr. Dasey distributed the final version of the document to all the members and announced that comments from the members had been taken into account in preparing the final document. Mr. Dasey explained that the public meeting on June 1,2000, was a very good means of getting the public involved in the process. Mr. Dasey added that he could market the RAB and explain the ongoing long-term remediation efforts once it begins and once there is better involvement by the community at the meetings.

  11. Area B Sampling Program Update
    Mr. Meyer reviewed the status of the Remedial Investigation (RI)/Feasibility Study (FS) at both Areas A and B. Hardcopies of his presentation were distributed. Mr. Meyer stated that the Proposed Plan for Area A is to be done in September, the reports due for Area B may be separated by the different sites in Area B, that the partnering group is assessing the content of those reports and that the ecological study needs to be completed for Area B. Mr. Meyer also stated that the residential well sampling requested by the residents was completed on August 4, 2000. Mr. Meyer added that the Well 57D rehabilitation effort is being developed, and the dye trace study pre-tests on geologic mapping are ongoing. Mr. Meyer noted that the Water Treatment System is still being coordinated due to one right-of-way that is needed. Mr. Meyer further explained that removal of the lead and clay pigeons on the skeet range at Fort Detrick would be completed at a future date.

    Mr. Meyer reported that the test results of Well 26, which is off site, were 0.3 parts per billion (ppb) of TCE and PCE. Mr. Meyer stated that the data from the grab sample has not been validated. Ms. Robinson questioned whether the well was on hospital property and how the well was discovered. Mr. Meyer answered that they discovered it during the geologic survey of Shookstown Road. Mr. Iseri stated that the data is very marginal at best due to the sampling method used. Mr. Meyer subsequently provided an update of Area C and explained the location of the sampling points used. Approximately 12 ash samples were taken at specific locations with surface soils sampled everywhere. The preliminary results of the sampling event were:

    • One ash sample contained dioxin/furan above the industrial Risk Based Concentration (RBC) of 38 parts per trillion (ppt)
    • Analysis of mercury and arsenic in the surface soils was ongoing
    • All of the mercury data from the Trickling Filters into and out of the plant was below the water quality standards
    • The samples taken from a new well (CMW1) were below limits
    • The dioxin/furan concentrations were very low in the unnamed stream by the facility
    • The entire ash disposal area was not delineated due to a small amount of ash found running to an area of the operator's building

    Mr. Meyer concluded by stating that the Area C Remedial Investigation will be completed in December of this year.

  12. Meeting Summary, Next Meeting Date
    A discussion of items for the next meeting agenda followed. Ms. Robinson mentioned a report on the outreach effort covering items such as getting an AARP member involved in the RAB. Mr. Fairbank also mentioned the National Association of Retired Federal Employees as a possible group to get involved in the RAB. Lt Col Springer restated the avenues that Fort Detrick would take for efforts to expand participation in future RAB meetings:

    • An open invitation on the website.
    • Postcards to be sent out to attendees of the public meeting, residents whose wells have been sampled, and the leadership of the homeowners' associations.
    • A public notice in all three newspapers.

    Mr. Toussaint next mentioned the delineation of the RAB's diversity compared to Army guidance. There is a concern about interest, but it may not be diverse enough. Mr. Wade said that we should not discriminate for future membership. Ms. Alexander stated that the RAB should not worry about membership, but should concentrate on the results of the group. Mr. Scarborough stated that maybe the RAB should fine-tune the outreach effort, target certain groups and possibly send newsletters to groups, in addition to utilizing the web page.

    Lt Col Springer mentioned an update from Mr. Meyer on the Area A, B and C report status. Ms. Robinson mentioned the timeframe for the next meeting and questioned whether the next meeting was necessary if nothing is going on. She mentioned the possibility of putting the meeting at a standard place on the calendar, i.e., 1st Wednesday of each month, such as at Aberdeen Proving Ground. Lt Col Springer stated that the meeting has been held every 60 days. The consensus of the group was that a standard location on the calendar should be used for each meeting.

    Lt Col Springer mentioned that Doug Warnock has accepted a new position at HQ and that his last day is Friday of this week. Lt Col Springer wished Mr. Warnock all the best from everyone present.

  13. Agenda items for the next meeting:

    • Report on Outreach Efforts
    • RAB Diversity
    • Latest Results of Reports on Area A, B, and C

    The next RAB meeting will be held Wednesday, November 8, 2000, 7:30 p.m., at Fort Detrick. All parties will be notified well in advance.

  14. Meeting Closing
    The meeting was adjourned at 9:45 p.m.

Reviewed by:
Jeffery C. Springer, P.E.
Lt. Col. U.S. Army
Co-Chairman
Approved
James R. Greenwood
Colonel, U.S. Army
Deputy Installation Commander

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