Cutting Edge - A History of Fort Detrick

Fort Detrick in the 21st Century

Fort Detrick today is a U.S. Army Medical Command installation supporting a multi-agency community. Approximately 5,800 military, federal, and contractor personnel are assigned there. They conduct biomedical research and development, medical materiel management, and defense communications. Each of the military services is represented. The Commanding General, U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC), is the installation commander.

The USAMRMC was established in 1994 as a major subordinate command of the Army Medical Command during the reorganization of the Army Medical Department. The reorganization expanded the former U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command, adding medical logistics and health facility planning to its mission. Realignment of the U.S. Army Garrison under the USAMRMC followed, improving management efficiency and allowing consolidation of support functions.

The USAG, Fort Detrick provides installation support to DoD and non-DoD tenant organizations. Among its services the Garrison furnishes financial management; civilian and military personnel; quality of life programs; legal services; housing management; security, fire, and emergency services; building maintenance; and logistical support to the USAMRMC and tenant activities.

The USAMRMC is responsible for life cycle management of medical materiel, from basic laboratory research through advanced development, prototyping, procurement, delivery to units, maintenance and disposal. The USAMRMC is responsible for planning, programming, and budgeting for construction of Army medical facilities and for corporate information management and information technology requirements of the Army Medical Department.

As the Department of Defense's lead laboratory for medical biological defense, the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases conducts basic research leading to the development of vaccines, drugs, diagnostics, and information to protect U.S. service members from biological warfare threats. The institute is a world-renowned reference laboratory for definitive identification of biological threat agents and diagnosis of the diseases they produce.

The U.S. Army Medical Materiel Development Activity manages the advanced development of new medical products, including the conduct of clinical trials and submission of applications for approval of new products by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

The U.S. Army Medical Materiel Agency is the Army Surgeon General's executive agent for strategic medical logistics programs and initiatives. The USAMMA's mission is to enhance medical logistics readiness throughout the full range of military health service support missions worldwide, develop and implement innovative concepts and technologies, and advance medical logistics information and knowledge. The USAMMA coordinates with the Air Force, Navy, and Joint/DoD medical logistics agencies that are also located at Fort Detrick.

The Air Force Medical Logistics Office mission is to lead and deliver innovative solutions to meet the challenges of global health. AFMLO integrates Joint Service Active and Reserve Air Force Components to deploy and sustain warfighting capabilities through focused logistics as defined by Joint Vision 2020.

The Naval Medical Logistics Command directs and manages logistical and materiel systems, and coordinates health care services contracting policy and procedures for the Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery during peacetime and contingency conditions. The NMLC's Fleet Hospital Program provides comprehensive medical support to the Fleet and Fleet Marine Forces engaged in combat operations.

The Joint Readiness Clinical Advisory Board, formerly known as the Defense Medical Standardization Board, is a joint activity of the DoD. The JRCAB's major missions include: joint selection and standardization of medical materiel for in-theater care during the initial 2 months of an armed conflict, and providing clinical, technical, and logistical expertise to ensure that quality medical materiel is available to the services.

The Joint Medical Logistics Functional Development Center (JMLFDC) focuses on modeling and simulation to ensure coordination and integration among the programs of the JRCAB, the USAMMA, the NMLC, and the AFMLO.

The U.S. Army Medical Information Systems and Services Agency is a subordinate command of the USAMRMC. The USAMISSA provides full life cycle management for information systems and information technology services to the AMEDD and other government clients, from needs assessments to acquisition and/or development, through operations and sustainment. The organization has offices at Fort Detrick, Maryland; San Antonio, Texas; Washington, DC; and Falls Church, Virginia. USAMISSA strives to solve client's information challenges with leading-edge technology solutions and customer-focused business practices.

The Armed Forces Medical Intelligence Center is a field production activity of the Defense Intelligence Agency and the sole DoD producer of medical intelligence. The center provides all-source intelligence on worldwide infectious diseases and environmental health risks, foreign military and civilian health care systems and infrastructures, and foreign biomedical development and life science technologies of military medical significance.

The 1108th U.S. Army Signal Brigade is a subordinate command of the U.S. Army Signal Command. On September 14, 1998, the brigade headquarters relocated from Fort Ritchie, Maryland to Fort Detrick, due to the closing of Fort Ritchie under Base Realignment and Closure. The brigade provides command, control, communications, computer, and visual information systems to the DoD and other federal agencies supporting the warfighter.

Fort Detrick is an Army Community of Excellence, an employer of choice, and a good neighbor to the Frederick community.

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